Spanakopita is a delicious Greek filo pastry parcel or pie stuffed with wild greens and feta cheese. These ones are formed into individual triangles with crisp crackly pastry on the outside and a chewy, salty, fresh tasting inside. The greens in this filling are mostly nettles and three cornered leeks.
Eat Your Weeds
Stinging nettles are all the rage these days and if you haven’t managed to eat any yet, you’re missing a real treat. You’ll find plenty of recipes for this super nutritious green online. I have quite a few myself. But there are plenty of other delicious wild greens out there. Wild garlic is one of my favourites, but actually three cornered leek is pretty good too.
It’s important to wash any wild greens your forage really well. This is especially true if you’re going to eat them raw. The greens are cooked in these spanakopita, but you still don’t want to include any dirt or little creatures by mistake.
- Nettle cakes with lemon and white chocolate. There’s an optional mascarpone icing to go on top too.
- Nettle soup – a delicious spring tonic.
- Spring tonic nettle smoothie – made with fresh raw nettles.
- Stinging nettle powder. Perfect as a green powder to add to smoothies.
Three Cornered Leek
Three cornered leek (Allium triquetrum), however is much less known as an edible weed. Even though it seems to grow everywhere. It’s a non-native invasive plant, so don’t worry about picking it. It emerges from winter dormancy in the early spring and it’s best to pick the greens before or just as the flowers appear. You don’t want to leave them until they get tough. In New Zealand and Australia, it’s known as onion weed.
It has a mild onion flavour, quite similar to leek and a distinctive triangular flower stem, hence its name. You can use bunches of the leaves as I’ve done in this spanakopita recipe and they won’t overpower the dish.
For more information on the three cornered leek and for identification, Wild Food UK has a useful page on it.
You can make spanakopita with pretty much any greens you like. Most spanakopita recipes these days call for spinach. But traditionally, Greeks make it with wild foraged greens. They’ll be different ones used according to the seasons. I’ve made them with good old spinach plenty of times before, but also with homegrown orach. If you’re interested here’s one of my variations: spinach filo pastries with goat’s cheese and chocolate. Yes chocolate. It works a treat in lots of savoury recipes.
You can use any combination of wild greens or spinach type leaves that you like. Wild garlic would be a good substitute for the three cornered leek, although you might want to have more nettles and less wild garlic as it can be quite strong.
These ones with nettles and onion weed are the best yet. They taste really fresh and vibrant. The mint helps with this too and we continued to experience that feeling of freshness in the mouth for at least an hour after we’d eaten them. We demolished rather more than was seemly for lunch. But really, they’re very hard to resist.
The amount I’ve given in the recipe should make between twelve and fourteen well stuffed spanakopita parcels. Eat warm, rather than piping hot, although they’re also good at room temperature. They’re at their best though about ten to fifteen minutes after they come out of the oven.
You’ll need to cook the nettles first, but once that’s done, it’s just a case of mixing all the filling ingredients together. It’s important to chop the three cornered leek as finely as possible so that it cooks in the pastry parcels. But don’t try and puree it. Spanakopita just wouldn’t be the same with a soft mush inside. You need a bit of texture and something to chew on to appreciate the flavours. And wow, do they taste good.
The main point to remember with spanakopita is that you don’t want a wet filling. If the filling is wet, you’ll get soggy pastry at best or at worst, the pastry might collapse altogether. So make sure you squeeze out any excess water from the cooked nettles. And dry the three cornered leeks well after you’ve washed them.
If you like your food well seasoned, you may want to add more salt, but the feta cheese is already quite salty, so be careful.
How to Fold Filo Into Triangles
It’s important when you work with filo pastry to keep any sheets you’re not currently using covered. If it dries out, the sheets will tear and become impossible to work with. Cut the sheet your working on to size, then brush immediately with oil (or melted butter). I find folding the sheet and then running a knife along the crease works best.
You can create whatever shape of filo parcel you like, but I find triangles the easiest and neatest. It’s rare for the filling to escape and you get extra crunch from all those corners.
If you’ve never done this before, don’t be put off, it’s a lot easier than it may seem. You just need to think of your filo strip as a series of squares. Here’s a visual guide on how to do it.
Can I Just Use Spinach?
Well actually spinach is a fine green to use and it’s easy to get hold of. It’s generally available for sale all year around, so you don’t have to wait until spring to make these spanakopita. Just cook the spinach lightly in only the water it’s washed in. As I’ve done with the nettles. Just ensure you drain it well. You really don’t want a wet mixture going into the filo parcels.
Alternatively use frozen spinach. Defrost it first, then squeeze out any excess moisture. You don’t need to cook it first.
If you use spinach as the only greens in this spanakopita recipe, it’s best to fry up an onion or a leek to go into the mix. And you might want to add some garlic too. Obviously, with all the three cornered leeks in these ones, no extra type of onion is needed.
Can You Freeze Spanakopita?
Baked spanakopita will last in the fridge for 3-4 days. Just place them in a hot oven for ten minutes or so for the filling to heat and the pastry to crisp up.
Likewise, you can freeze the cooked spanakopita for up to a couple of months. Just place in freezer bags when cool and pop into the freezer. When you’re ready to eat them, defrost and then bake in a hot oven for ten minutes or so. The filling should be properly heated through and the pastry crisp.
Alternatively, you could freeze the filling until you’re ready to make the spanakopita.
Other Foraging Recipes You Might Like
- Blackberry barfi
- Dandelion honey
- Elderflower champagne
- Hedgerow jelly
- Samphire noodles with miso marinated tofu
- Wild garlic pesto – two ways
Keep in Touch
Thanks for visiting Tin and Thyme. If you make these spanakopita, whether it’s with nettles, three cornered leek or any other sort of greens, I’d love to hear about it in the comments below. And do please rate the recipe. Have you any top tips? Do share photos on social media too and use the hashtag #tinandthyme, so I can spot them.
If you’d like more pastry recipes, follow the link and you’ll find I have quite a lot of them. All delicious and nutritious, of course.
Spanakopita. Pin It.
Spanakopita – The Recipe
Spanakopita with Wild Greens
- 400 g onion weed leaves and flower shoots – finely chopped
- 100 g nettles or other spinach type leaf – well washed
- 20 g fresh mint leaves – finely chopped
- a good grating of nutmeg
- a good grinding of black pepper
- pinch fine sea or rock salt
- 200 g feta cheese – crumbled or finely chopped
- 1 large egg
- 270 g filo pastry sheets
- 2 tbsp olive oil for brushing
- sesame seeds for sprinkling – optional
- In a large pan, simmer the nettles with the lid on for five minutes or so until wilted. You shouldn't need to add any water as the leaves will be wet from washing, but if you think they're going to catch, add just a little. Drain off any surplus water and leave to cool.
- Chop the onion weed as finely as you can. You don't need to cook it beforehand. Place in a large bowl along with the mint.
- Squeeze any excess water out of the nettles with your hands. Don't worry, they don't sting when they're cooked. Chop roughly and add to the bowl.
- Grate in some nutmeg and black pepper.
- Add the goat's cheese and egg, then mix well.
- Cut the filo sheets lengthways into halves or long strips, depending on the size of sheet you're using. They should measure aproximately 12.5 cm. Brush the top side of each, sparingly, with olive oil.
- Place two tablespoonfuls of the greens onto the bottom of each strip.
- Wrap the pastry up to form 12 to 14 large triangles.
- Brush, sparingly, with olive oil and scatter over some sesame seeds if liked.
- Place on an oiled baking tray (or trays) and bake at 190℃ (375℉, Gas 5) for 20 to 25 minutes until crisp and golden.
I’m sharing these nettle and three cornered leek spanakopita with Apply to Face Blog for #CookBlogShare.